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History of Science, Medicine, & Technology: Historians, Scientists & Inventors

Welcome to the History of Science, Medicine,and Technology research guide. This guide will direct you to resources on the topic of discovery and innovation in science, medicine, and technology.


  • Abraham Wolf, historian of ideas and science
  • A.C. Crombie , history of science (Alistair Cameron Crombie)
  • Reverand William Whewell, historian of science
  • Sir William Osler, medical historian
  • David Franklin Noble, technology and science
  • Noel Needham, history of Chinese science and technology
  • A. Hunter Dupree, science and technology

Notable Scientists

  • Michael Faraday
    Known for his study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry
  • Archimedes
    Greek mathematician, engineer, physicist, inventory and astronomer
  • James Clerk Maxwell
    Mathematical physics. Considered a founder of the modern field of electrical engineering
  • Sir Isaac Newton
    Mathematician, astronomer, physicist
  • Stephen Hawking
    Physicist, cosmologist, author
  • Albert Einstein 
  • Marie Curie
    Physicist, Chemist
  • Carl Sagan
    Astronomer, planetary scientist, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist


  • John Gutenberg
  • Sir Isaac Newton
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Thomas Edison
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • Nikola Tesla
  • Leonard da Vinci
  • George Washington Carver
  • Wright Brothers
  • Eli Whitney
  • Garrett Morgan
  • Albert Einstein
  • Samuel Morse
  • Madam C. J. Walker
  • Tim Berners-Lee
  • Hedy Lamarr
  • Robert Fulton

Famous Physicans

  • Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
  • Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893)
  • Edward Jenner (1749-1823)
  • Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
  • Sir Joseph Lister (1827-1912)
  • Sir William Osler (1849-1919)