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First Year Seminar: Library Services & Resources Module: Module 6: Use Information Ethically

This guide will help new students become oriented with library resources and services, as well as becoming acquainted with some research basics.


According to Merriam-Webster, to plagiarize is to "steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own: use another's production without crediting the source. It is also defined as "literary theft".

Forms of plagiarism:

1.  Copying word for word sentences from a book, an article, the web or other creations without citing the source.

2.  Buying a research paper that is written by someone else and submitting it as your own paper.

3.  Paraphrasing  - putting other people's ideas into your own words and not acknowledging the originator as the source in the paper


Why Cite?

During the research process you should have collected and organized each source used to build your research paper. During the writing phase in-text citing is critical to crediting the source of the words, phrases, sentences, or ideas you use in the paper. The final part of the research paper includes a cited sources page. Here, you will list all the sources used.

Reasons to cite:

1. Most importantly you are crediting the source (the author or creator of the work)
2. Other readers/researchers can look up the sources used

3. You are providing evidence or support of your own argument
4. Professionally, it is a way to link your research with other people's research

Who uses APA and MLA Style?

APA Style is used in the following fields: Social Sciences, Psychology, Sociology, Nursing, Criminology, Business and Economics

MLA Style is used in the following fields: Literature, Language, Cultural Studies,Literary Criticism, and English Studies

Free Online Citation Tools

APA Style

A great deal of instructors and publications require writers to use the American Psychological Association Style.  Here are some helpful sites for using APA style:

Learning APA Style

APA Style Quick Reference

APA Cheat Sheet

Microsoft Office APA-Style Templates